The Complete 2023 Guide to Profiting From Helium Mining

Helium (HNT) emerges as one of the most game-changing crypto projects – powering the world‘s first peer-to-peer wireless network. This people-powered network already covers many urban areas enabling innovative Internet of Things (IoT) use cases.

But beyond supporting this decentralized network infrastructure, one can also profit from it through a unique crypto mining approach called Helium mining.

This detailed guide serves as your one-stop resource to start mining Helium tokens and understanding the real profit potential as we head into 2023.

How Big is Helium Network Expected to Become?

Since launching in 2019, the Helium network has experienced massive growth in coverage and adoption:

  • Over 800,000 hotspots deployed globally as of October 2022
  • Hotspots providing wireless coverage across 175 countries
  • ~1300% increase in IoT devices connected YoY
  • Network capacity already exceeding legacy carriers like T-Mobile’s 5G test network

Helium continues to expand at an astounding pace to become the world‘s largest and fastest decentralized wireless service. Independent estimates project the network growing over 10X to achieve 8-10 million active hotspots by 2025.

Such remarkable growth stems from the expanding utility of Helium network‘s long-range LoRaWAN protocol for connecting IoT devices. It brings new capabilities like tracking assets over vast remote areas or enabling low-power sensors to transmit small data packets.

Numerous innovative startups are already developing IoT applications leveraging Helium‘s network capacity – from e-scooters to cold supply chain trackers.

As the network matures and proves its reliability to support mission-critical IoT infrastructure, adoption by enterprises and smart cities is forecasted to accelerate. Premium carrier-grade network services like Helium 5G offering faster data transfer for high-bandwidth applications also continue to evolve.

The necessity of such a robust peer-to-peer network infrastructure along with its embedded crypto-economic incentives make participating in the early stages tremendously lucrative.

How Does Helium Crypto Mining Work?

Helium introduces a wireless coverage centric mining model compared to traditional crypto mining dependent on expensive hardware and energy consumption.

Also referred to as Helium staking, here’s a simple breakdown:

  1. You buy and deploy a low-power Helium wireless hotspot at home or business
  2. The hotspot links to the Helium blockchain and provides long-range network coverage
  3. Other surrounding hotspots verify your coverage via Proof-of-Coverage challenges
  4. Based on useful wireless coverage work, you earn rewards in Helium tokens (HNT)

The HNT tokens have a market value hovering around $4 as of late 2022, but expected to appreciate based on network usage growth.

Your mining earnings primarily depend on the hotspot‘s:

  1. Location – Ideal to have other hotspots in vicinity but not too crowded
  2. Wireless reach – Antenna quality and positioning critical
  3. Uptime – Needs consistent power and internet connectivity

As the network grows, opportunities to earn from transferring sensor data and validating transactions also increases.

Here’s a breakdown of the types of mining rewards:

Activity Percentage of Total Rewards
Proof of Coverage Challenger 2.11%
Proof of Coverage Challengee 11.78%
Proof of Coverage Witness 47.11%
Data Transfer 35%
Consensus Group 6%

Hotspot Reward Rates Get Halved Periodically

Like Bitcoin‘s code, Helium also follows a predictable reward halving schedule every 2 years – last one occurred in August 2021:

  • Hotspot rewards per token mined reduced from 5 HNT to 2.5 HNT
  • Next halving projected in 2023 down to 1.25 HNT

Such supply constraints tend to drive up the token price and market valuation. Based on current ROI calculations, hotspots can break even within 5-7 months assuming sufficient network coverage.

Essential Factors to Consider When Selecting Helium Hotspot Miners

While HeliumCertified manufacturers like RAKwireless, SenseCAP and others build and market the hotspots, you must assess your needs to determine the ideal model.

Here are the key considerations from mining performance, profits and beyond:

Processing Power & RAM

Hotspots need adequate computing capability for mining proof-of-coverage challenges and block verification functions. Typically look for:

  • Multi-core processor > 1GHz clock speed
  • At least 2GB RAM (4GB optimal)
  • Efficient heat dissipation like built-in fans

Wireless Connectivity

Coverage range plays a massive role in your rewards so focus on antenna reach:

  • WiFi 5GHz for own wireless access
  • Bluetooth for configuring hotspot
  • LoRaWAN protocol for long-range data transfer
  • Directional antenna upgrades possible

Frequency Band

Select regional frequency models aligned to your geography:

  • 868 MHz band – Europe, Africa
  • 915 MHz band – North America, South America
  • 470 MHz band – China, Asia-Pacific

Storage Capacity

Onboard storage improves syncing and caching for mining operations:

  • Minimum 32GB eMMC flash recommended
  • SD card slot for more capacity nice to have

Remote Monitoring

Manage hotspot ops remotely via:

  • Mobile app dashboards
  • Web-based analytics
  • API integrations

Competitively priced models offering reliable hardware, responsive support and intuitive mobile apps rise to the top.

Let‘s review some prominent brands and models that satisfy these requirements.

Top Helium Hotspot Miners for Maximum 2023 Profits

SenseCAP M1


  • Quad-core Raspberry Pi 4 processing
  • Up to 8GB RAM models
  • 802.11 b/g/n 2.4 GHz WiFi
  • Bluetooth 5.0 LE connectivity
  • 868MHz & 915MHz frequency options
  • 2.6 dBi dipole antenna


  • SenseCAP dashboard mobile app
  • API access for third-party platforms

SenseCAP‘s industrial-grade sensors and hotspots nail the basics while providing enterprise-focused monitoring. Stable, global company supporting large-scale deployments.


$488 from Seeed Studio



  • Quad-core Raspberry Pi 4
  • WiFi 5GHz and 2.4GHz
  • Bluetooth 5.0
  • 868MHz frequency
  • External antenna connector


  • Finestra dashboard mobile app

Silicon valley-based team focuses exclusively on crypto mining hardware and optimizations. Unique antenna flexibility to enhance coverage.


$449 from FinestraMiner

Bobcat 300


  • Quad-core ARM Cortex-A53
  • 2GB DDR4 RAM
  • WiFi b/g/n 2.4 GHz
  • Bluetooth 5.0
  • All global frequencies
  • 4 dBi fiberglass antenna


  • Bobcat Miner mobile app

Most sought-after hotspot option thanks to ease-of-use and active community support. Reliable workhorse gateway for set-and-forget.



MNTD Goldspot


  • Quad-core ARM Cortex A-53
  • WiFi ac/b/g/n 2.4GHz / 5GHz
  • Bluetooth 5.2
  • All global frequencies
  • 5 dBi fiberglass antenna


  • RAKwireless dashboard
  • API access

Another RAKwireless model building on it‘s mining ecosystem strength. Great for advanced monitoring.


$404 from

Pisces HydroHelium


  • Rockchip RK3566 Quad-core
  • 4GB DDR4 RAM
  • WiFi 2.4GHz
  • Bluetooth 5.2
  • 915MHz & 868MHz bands
  • 8 dBi outdoor directional antenna


  • Pisces dashboard and mobile app

Unique, waterproof builder targeting use cases like marinas, campuses. Specialized for maximum range and penetration.


$929 from

Helium Hotspot Comparisons

Model Processor RAM Antenna Gain Frequency Band Monitoring Price
SenseCAP M1 Quad Core 8GB 2.6 dBi 868 & 915MHz Dashboard & API $488
FinestraMiner Quad Core 4GB 2.8 dBi (Connector) 868MHz Dashboard App $449
Bobcat 300 Quad Core 2GB 4 dBi All Bands Dashboard App $429
MNTD Goldspot Quad Core 4GB 5 dBi All Bands Dashboard & API $404
Pisces HydroHelium Quad Core 4GB 8 dBi 868 & 915MHz Dashboard & App $929

Based on the analysis, Bobcat 300 and MNTD Goldspot present the best value targeting home setups.

The Pisces HydroHelium serves specialized industrial outdoor deployments better with its weatherproofing and powerful directional antenna.

For most miners, maximum profits come from finding the ideal blending of cost, hardware reliability and monitoring capability.

Step-By-Step Guide to Setting Up Your First Helium Hotspot

While every miner model has specific installation guidelines provided, here is a general checklist to safely mount both indoor and outdoor hotspots:

Picking the Optimal Spot

Ideal locations offer good elevation with few obstacles in nearby vicinity and possess existing hotspot coverage to connect into.

  • For indoor mounting, place near a window as high up as possible
  • Outdoor roof mounting works best for maximum line-of-sight
  • Ensure location gets consistent WiFi and power source access

Mounting Precautions

  • Verify mounting surface can safely handle weight
  • Waterproof duct tape, braces to improve adhesion
  • Avoid drilling holes where hazardous wiring runs
  • Test weight load by temporarily installing first

Hardware Assembly

  • Carefully insert SIM card provided by hotspot maker
  • Attach antenna as per guide instructions
  • Some models have sync cable, LED indicators to connect

Software Configuration

  • Download hotspot maker‘s app and create owner account
  • Power up miner and connect with phone Bluetooth
  • Connect hotspot via WiFi Access credentials shown
  • App guides through registering device and syncing

Within 1-2 hours, revised location status should show in explorer. Mining rewards accumulate over days as challenges get discovered and transacted to your wallet.

Helium Network Growth Ensures a Bright Future

Helium network‘s remarkable growth cements it‘s positioning as the undisputed global leader in decentralized wireless infrastructure. By 2025, its footprint aims to surpass even telecom carrier scales cost-effectively.

As surrounding hotspots increase, so will the mining profitability due to higher demand for data transfers and interactions.

Emerging third-party apps registered over 150,000 IoT devices with Helium until mid-2022 – a 6X jump year-over-year indicating the budding developer interest.

Partnerships with Dish Network for Helium 5G rollouts and IOTX utilizing their distributed cloud stack fabric demonstrate its pivotal role in next-generation network advancements like Web 3.0 and smart cities.

The network incentive design through crypto mining rewards ensures it‘s self-sustaining growth and value creation capabilities. Hotspot break-even durations will only shorten further as adoption rises.

So take that first step to join The People‘s Network revolution today!

Hope you found this comprehensive guide valuable in making informed decisions regarding Helium mining. Please don‘t hesitate to reach out with any other questions.