What is Facebook? A Comprehensive Guide for Businesses

Facebook is the world‘s largest social media platform, with over 2.91 billion monthly active users worldwide as of the fourth quarter of 2021 according to the company‘s reports. For businesses and entrepreneurs, understanding how to use Facebook is crucial for reaching customers in today‘s digital landscape. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore everything you need to know about leveraging Facebook for business.

A Brief History of Facebook

Facebook was founded in 2004 by Harvard student Mark Zuckerberg and originally launched as a social network for college students. After expanding to high schools and the general public, Facebook quickly became the dominant social media force it is today.

Some key milestones in Facebook‘s growth:

  • 2004: Facebook launches for Harvard students
  • 2006: Opens to everyone 13+ with a valid email address
  • 2008: Reaches 100 million active users
  • 2009: Launches Facebook Pages for businesses and brands
  • 2010: 500 million active users
  • 2012: 1 billion monthly active users, raises $16 billion USD in its IPO
  • 2017: Hits 2 billion monthly users
  • 2019: Launches Facebook Dating feature
  • 2021: Changes company name to Meta; user base grows to 2.91 billion

Facebook‘s meteoric growth has been fueled by acquisitions like Instagram in 2012 and its relentless drive to tap new demographics, features, and revenue streams. While Facebook has faced controversies around data privacy, election interference, and spreading misinformation, its dominance remains undisputed.

Key Features for Businesses

Facebook offers a multitude of features for businesses to connect with customers, promote themselves, and drive sales. Let‘s explore some of the most essential tools:

Business Pages

Creating a Facebook Page allows businesses to establish an official presence on Facebook and engage with customers. Pages can include information about your brand, products/services, location, special offers, and more. You can also run ads and collect valuable analytics from your Page.

  • As of 2021, over 200 million businesses worldwide use Facebook Pages.
  • 92% of social media marketers use Facebook for their business according to Sprout Social.

Targeted Advertising

Facebook Ads Manager provides extensive options for running customized advertising campaigns targeted to your ideal audience based on location, demographics, interests, behaviors, and more.

  • Facebook advertising revenue hit $84.17 billion in 2020, according to statista.com.

Facebook Shops

Allows businesses to create a customizable online storefront right on Facebook and Instagram to showcase their products, process orders, communicate with customers, and more.

Live Video

Broadcast real-time video content to engage your audience and humanize your brand. Viewers can react, comment, and be redirected to products while watching.

  • Facebook users spend 3x more time watching Facebook Live videos than traditional video content, Social Media Today reports.


Directly chat with customers via Messenger or WhatsApp to answer questions, provide support, process orders, send information, and more.

  • 56% of people prefer messaging a business than calling customer service according to Facebook.

Virtual Reality

As Facebook looks ahead to developing the metaverse, its virtual reality brand Oculus provides new opportunities for businesses in VR gaming, virtual shopping/experiences, and marketing in an immersive environment.

How Businesses Can Optimize Facebook

Follow this expert advice for maximizing your business‘ presence on Facebook:

Complete a detailed Facebook Page setup

  • Include your business category, contact info, description, photos/videos, call-to-action buttons, and more.
  • Create and link a branded Facebook Business account.

Post engaging content regularly

  • Share videos, images, Stories, Reels, live streams, new products, company news, etc.
  • Post 2-3 times per day for optimal engagement according to an Sprout Social study.

Use Facebook advertising tools

  • Take advantage of detailed targeting, retargeting pixels, lookalike audiences, and AI optimization.
  • Test different objectives like website clicks, conversions, or brand awareness.

Interact with customers and followers

  • Respond to comments, questions, and messages promptly and helpfully.
  • Offer special perks like giveaways or promo codes to followers.
  • Share user-generated content and testimonials.

Analyze performance with Page Insights

  • Monitor your reach, engagement, website clicks, and conversions.
  • See what content resonates best with your audience.

Integrate with other marketing channels

  • Share Facebook content across other platforms like Instagram and YouTube.
  • Use pixels to customize ads based on website activity.
  • Embed Facebook content directly into your website and emails.

Stay on top of emerging technologies

  • Experiment with AR filters, messaging bots, virtual shopping, and new offerings like the metaverse.
  • Participate in beta tests for new products applicable to your business.

The Takeaway on Facebook for Business

In summary, Facebook provides unparalleled reach to over one quarter of the world‘s population, making it indispensable for modern brands. By leveraging Facebook‘s array of features from Pages to virtual reality, businesses can engage customers, drive awareness, deliver helpful experiences, and ultimately see measurable growth.

As Facebook continues evolving, it will present entrepreneurs both opportunities through new tools, as well as challenges in staying current. But businesses willing to dedicate time, strategy and resources into mastering Facebook‘s ecosystem will gain a major competitive advantage in connecting with their audience.